By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed amazing ethnic and cultural range one of the expected thirty million humans residing inside its borders. It was once possibly the main cosmopolitan country within the world--and almost certainly the main unstable. a quick heritage of the overdue Ottoman Empire now provides students and basic readers a concise heritage of the overdue empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked through awesome social swap. relocating prior regular remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes large old traits and procedures greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid robust competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and overseas powers. He appears to be like heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this heritage isn't just necessary to comprehending glossy Turkey, yet is quintessential to the histories of Europe and the realm. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial documents and different files from the interval to explain it because it really used to be, now not because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a short historical past of the overdue Ottoman Empire is a must-read for a person trying to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the area nonetheless grapples with this day.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire
Recorded on September 5, 1800 (İstanbul Müftülük Arşivi, ŞS 738, f. 30a). indd 32 8/23/2007 8:16:00 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 33 5. Süleyman Ağa, son of Mehmed son of İsmail, a former Janissary officer, who later served as chief saddler. The total worth of the estate is 132,510 akçes [$9,011]. Recorded on August 28, 1800 (İstanbul Müftülük Arşivi, ŞS 744, f. 2b). 2 books (a Qur’ān and a collection of verses from the Qur’ān) 22 pieces of clothing (quilted turbans, two furs, robes, shirts, garment belts, handkerchiefs, waistcoats, garment waist-strings) 6 personal items (one silver watch, a comb, a tobacco case, garment cases, and a saddle bag) 15 household items (pillows, cushions, bed sheets, a chair, and quilts) 21 pieces of hardware (one lamp, coffee cups, copper alloy, a glass lantern, braziers, a dessert spoon, silver coffee cup containers, knives, glass plates, a water-pipe, brass cups, an onion basket, a big wicker box, and candles) 1 item of material (some sand) The Languages of the Empire When in 1911 the Union of All Ottoman Elements, a public affairs committee, published an appeal to all Ottomans to form a united front,64 it did so in nine languages: Ottoman Turkish, Arabic, Armenian, Bulgarian, Greek, La1ino, Serbian, Syriac (in two different scripts, Nestorian and Serta), and French.
Pp. 226ff. Şevket Pamuk, İstanbul ve Diğer Kentlerde 500 Yıllık Fiyatlar ve Ücretler (Ankara: Devlet İstatistik Enstitüsü, 2000), pp. 14–16. , ), pp. 383–4. 55 Tarih-i Cevdet, 5, pp. 33–4. 56 Society at large was traditionally organized along religious lines, the principal division being that between Muslim and non-Muslim. An estimated 80 percent of the population was rural. The overwhelming majority of the subjects was illiterate. The Muslim community, though far from monolithic, was regarded as the dominant one by virtue of the Islamic ideology of the state.
289. indd 14 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM At the Turn of the Nineteenth Century 15 Egypt, the Mamluks of Baghdad expanded the area under their direct or indirect rule. In time, the area from Basra to Mosul fell under the control of semi-autonomous Mamluk governors allied to a powerful Mamluk bureaucratic class in Baghdad. The last Mamluk governor of Baghdad, Davud Pasha, was not defeated by the central government until 1831. 25 In southern Albania and northern Epirus, Ali Pasha of Tepelenë, a former brigand whose ruthless regime Lord Byron described as “lawless law,”26 enjoyed a similar autonomy verging on independence.
A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu