Middle East

New PDF release: A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years

By Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin

ISBN-10: 0299048349

ISBN-13: 9780299048341

The six volumes of A background of the Crusades will stand because the definitive background of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the historical past, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval international.

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Extra info for A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years

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The CIA’s station chief in Amman who worked closely with the Jordanian General Intelligence Directorate (GID) became an unwitting conduit for King Hussein’s proIraqi advocacy (Friedman 1993, 26). The French, German, and Italian intelligence agencies, whose governments did significant business with the regime in Baghdad, were equally upbeat. Even the normally wary Israelis developed a small pro-Iraqi lobby. Prodded by President Mubarak, some Israeli officials, including Labor’s Shimon Peres and his Iraqi-born colleague Moshe Shahal, met with Tariq Aziz, Nizar Hamdoon, and other Iraqi officials.

In 1983 Michael Doyle (1983) popularized this thesis in two articles that received modest attention. Rudolph J. ” However, it was the collapse of the Soviet Union and Third Wave democratization that inspired a growing number of scholars to probe the linkage between democracy and peaceful international behavior. By some accounts, by the mid-1990s, there were more than a hundred studies devoted to the subject. Despite its popularity, the democratic peace made few converts among leading IR realists who were quick to offer a rebuttal.

Whatever hopes the Carter team had for cooperating with the new leaders, were dashed when, on November 4, a group of Khomeini followers seized the American embassy in Teheran, and turned the diplomats into hostages for the subsequent 444 days. The equally unexpected Soviet invasion of Afghanistan on December 24, 1979 drew the curtain on the president’s quest to lead the world into an era of peace and goodwill. Worse, it left the administration with the urgent task of addressing the new geopolitical reality in the Gulf.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume I: The First Hundred Years by Kenneth M. Setton, Marshall W. Baldwin


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