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A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the - download pdf or read online

By Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour

ISBN-10: 0299107442

ISBN-13: 9780299107444

The six volumes of A historical past of the Crusades will stand because the definitive heritage of the Crusades, spanning 5 centuries, encompassing Jewish, Moslem, and Christian views, and containing a wealth of data and research of the heritage, politics, economics, and tradition of the medieval global.

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Between the fifth and seventh centuries, groups like the Visigoths, Avars and Lombards redrew the map of Europe, leaving a bewildering patchwork of diverse, warring realms where unity had once prevailed. 5 By 800 CE a descendant of the Franks, Charlemagne, had amassed such a collection of dependencies - encompassing regions that would today make up much of France, Italy, Germany and the Low Countries - that he could claim to have restored the glory of the Roman Empire in the West. 6 But by the year 1000 this had dissolved under the weight of bitter succession disputes and harrowing Viking invasions.

Ejecting Henry from the Church, denying his status as a Christian, was an immense gamble; should Gregory's edict be ignored, his bluff would be called and his authority shattered, but were this condemnation to be heeded, then the Roman pontiff, who just decades earlier had seemed a marginal nonentity on the European stage, would be confirmed as the arbiter of ultimate justice. In the final analysis, Gregory's strategy did not succeed, his papacy ending with the glorious ambition of papal empowerment unrealised.

Amid a general atmosphere of heightened devotional awareness, inspired in part by the example of monasteries like Cluny, western Christians began to look at their Church and perceive sickness. A clergy rife with abuse and 'governed' by a powerless pope offered little prospect of guiding society towards salvation. Arguing that the Latin Church would have to clean up its act, starting in Rome itself and working outwards, a 'Reform Movement' emerged, advocating a twin agenda of papal empowerment and clerical purification.

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A History of the Crusades, Volume VI: The Impact of the Crusades on Europe by Kenneth M. Setton, Harry W. Hazard, Norman P. Zacour


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