By Mark Gregory Pegg
In January of 1208, a papal legate was once murdered at the banks of the Rhone in southern France. A livid Pope blameless III accused heretics of the crime and referred to as upon all Christians to exterminate heresy among the Garonne and Rhone rivers--a significant zone referred to now as Languedoc--in an exceptional campaign. This so much holy battle, the 1st during which Christians have been promised salvation for killing different Christians, lasted twenty bloody years--it was once a protracted savage conflict for the soul of Christendom.
In A such a lot Holy battle, historian Mark Pegg has produced a swift-moving, gripping narrative of this terrible campaign, drawing partly on millions of stories accrued by means of inquisitors within the years 1235 to 1245. those debts of standard women and men, remembering what it was once wish to pass though such brutal occasions, deliver the tale vividly to existence. Pegg argues that generations of historians (and novelists) have misunderstood the campaign; they assumed it used to be a struggle opposed to the Cathars, the main well-known heretics of the center a long time. The Cathars, Pegg finds, by no means existed. He additional exhibits how a millennial fervor approximately "cleansing" the area of heresy, coupled with an apprehension that Christendom used to be being eaten clear of inside of through heretics who seemed no various than different Christians, made the battles, sieges, and massacres of the campaign virtually apocalyptic of their merciless depth. In responding to this worry with a holy genocidal struggle, blameless III essentially replaced how Western civilization handled participants accused of corrupting society. This primary swap, Pegg argues, led on to the production of the inquisition, the increase of an anti-Semitism devoted to the violent removing of Jews, or even the holy violence of the Reconquista in Spain and within the New global within the 15th century. All derive their divinely sanctioned slaughter from the Albigensian Crusade.
Haunting and immersive, A such a lot Holy War opens a huge new viewpoint on a really pivotal second in global background, a primary and far-off foreshadowing of the genocide and holy violence within the sleek global.
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Additional resources for A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History)
2) 1187 Agnes de Castille Maria m. (1) Bernart III Count of Comminges (2) 1204 Pere II of Aragon Guilhem IX de Montpellier Clementia m. Rostang de Sabran Esteve de Servian m. daughter of Aynart de Murviel Raimon de Roquefeuil Tomas Tortosa Agnes m. 1203 Raimon Roger Viscount of Carcassonne, Bexiers, Albi and Razès d. 1209 Alazaïs This page intentionally left blank A Most Holy War This page intentionally left blank I C o u s i n, d o n o t be afraid,’’ a dead boy told an eleven-year-old girl when he appeared in her house at Beaucaire one night in July 1211.
An individual’s transcribed testimony was then read to him or her, with the scribe translating his Latin translation back into the vernacular, so that he or she could confirm the veracity of what was recorded of what was testified. Na Maurina, four days after her first confession at Saint-Sernin, was again questioned about her aunt and heresy. Once more, what she remembered about herself as a little girl was so mundane, so clearly lived without sinful implication, that she did not understand how any thought or deed from four decades ago was evidence of conscious guilt one way or the other.
He fretted about ‘‘tyrants with strange bodies’’ and no honor. ’’ Already in this bitter prose and poetry were characteristics that later authors associated (sometimes benignly, mostly belligerently) with Provinciales. ’’ Gervase, in a narrative of more subtlety and power than the elegant (albeit serious) play of the courtier might suggest, knew the ‘‘sacred ears’’ of his imperial listener would instantly connect material appearance, no matter how whimsical, to spiritual attributes. ’’18 There was no dualism in the Christian cosmos; there was no separation of body and soul; there was no chasm between heaven and earth.
A Most Holy War: The Albigensian Crusade and the Battle for Christendom (Pivotal Moments in World History) by Mark Gregory Pegg