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Download e-book for iPad: Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To by Stephen Tanner

By Stephen Tanner

ISBN-10: 0306812339

ISBN-13: 9780306812330

ISBN-10: 0585482136

ISBN-13: 9780585482132

Following the occasions of September eleven, 2001, the area was once riveted as American army energy contested the mythical warrior tradition of Afghanistan. by means of spring 2002, the USA started to draw down its forces, its challenge comprehensive: The Afghan Taliban regime has been overthrown and the terrorists it harbored have been at the run. was once America's effortless victory facts of its army superiority, or have been the Afghans purely eyeing the novices as they've got watched international armies in centuries prior, understanding time is on their side?For over 2,500 years, the forbidding territory of Afghanistan has served as a necessary crossroads--not only for armies yet for clashes among civilizations--the Greeks, Arabs, Mongols, and Tartars, and in additional fresh occasions, Britain and Russia. Now the United States needs to face a brand new enemy in this land--a land that for hundreds of years has develop into a graveyard of empires past.This first-ever entire army background of Afghanistan illuminates the wide historic context into which American forces were drawn--a cautionary story, probably, in regards to the hazards that can lie forward.

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Additional info for Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban

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The true question is what Alexander, who had suborned the best mapmakers and geographers in the Persian Empire, knew at 40 AFGHANISTAN this time. He may or may not have had precise expertise at his disposal, given Persian patriotism or their inefficiency in the late stages of Achaemenid rule. His main conviction was that the empire's eastern provinces were the key to its furthest acquisition, India, and that shortly beyond India was Ocean, the end of the world. It was a help to Alexander, given his increasingly nervous army, to call the Hindu Kush the Caucasus and the Jaxartes River the Tanais, thus reassuring the men that they were not all that far from Europe and the world they had known.

While watching the labor, they taunted and insulted the Macedonians. Alexander correctly assessed that if these nomadic warriors remained unchallenged, their numbers would only grow and his new city would fall as soon as he left it behind. He placed catapults along the river and one of these, with a lucky shot, killed an enemy leader from longer range than the Scythians had ever seen. Once they had pulled back, Alexander launched a full-scale amphibious assault, boats with catapults in the lead.

He also captured a great quantity of gold, dispatching Parmenio to Damascus to seize far more from the royal treasury. Until that point, Alexander, like his father, had worked on a shoestring. Now the first priority was to march down the Mediterranean seacoast, eliminating the Persian fleet and any possibility that the Persians could materially assist a rebellion in Greece. After epic sieges at Tyre and Gaza, the army reached Egypt, where Alexander was greeted as a liberator and crowned pharaoh.

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Afghanistan: A Military History From Alexander The Great To The Fall Of The Taliban by Stephen Tanner


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