By Giacomo Zaccone, Ernest Cutz, Dirk Adriaensen
This e-book presents a accomplished and updated account of the data on hand at the morphological, physiological and evolutionary points of specialised cells allotted in the epithelia of the airlines within the vertebrates. loads of paintings has been performed at the mobilephone and molecular biology of those cells that are considered as as oxygen receptor neuroepithelial cells. those chemoreceptors that have been conserved all through evolution have neuroendocrine services sporting their signs to the relevant worried system.
The chemoreceptor cells are sensors which observe the sign alterations within the exterior and inner environments, and play a key function within the survival of assorted species. reports addressed to the chemoreceptor cellphone structures within the airlines are of serious significance for investigating their reaction to adjustments within the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations within the surroundings because the way forward for the planet earth is being threatened through worldwide warming and weather change.
Praise for the book:
…This quantity will be of distinct curiosity to researchers who're considering the evolution of vertebrate respiration keep an eye on more often than not and the legislation of air flow in nonmammalian vertebrates particularly. ―Wayne L. Silver, Wake woodland college, in The Quarterly overview of Biology, quantity eighty five, quantity 2
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Extra resources for Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates
Langman’s Medical Embryology. 9th Ed. Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia. A. 2006. Comparative study of gill neuroepithelial cells and their innervation in teleosts and Xenopus tadpoles. Cell Tissue Res. 323:1-10. A. 1992. Hypoxia and N6,O2’-dibutyryladenosine 3’,5’-cyclic monophosphate, but not nerve growth factor, induce Na+ channels and hypertrophy in chromaffin-like arterial chemoreceptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 89:9469-9473. E. 2001. Oxygen sensitive chemoreceptors in the first gill arch of the tadpole, Rana catesbeiana.
The fish carotid labyrinth and associated pseudobranchial neurosecretory system, comprising of paraneuronal cells have been described to throw light on the possible function of these structures in the biology of these fishes. In its structure the carotid labyrinth seems to be more elaborate then that of higher vertebrates and its association with neurosecretory cells in these groups of fishes suggest a possible chemosensory function for the former and a paracrine role for the latter. Although an in depth investigation is needed to reach any conclusion, these cells seem to play a role in conditions of hypoxia, signalling the surfacing behaviour of these fishes, which is a common behavioural feature of fishes of this group.
J Exp Biol. 200:2229-2236. W. 1997b. Developmental changes in chemoreceptive control of gill ventilation in larval bullfrogs (Rana catesbeiana): II. sites of O2-sensitive chemoreceptors. J Exp Biol. 200:2237-2248. M. 1983. Aquatic and aerial respiration rates, muscle capillary supply and mitochondrial volume density in the air-breathing catfish Clarias mossambicus acclimated to either aerated or hypoxic water. J Exp Biol. 105:317-338. A. 2003. Neuroepithelial cells and associated innervation of the zebrafish gill: a confocal immunofluorescence study.
Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates by Giacomo Zaccone, Ernest Cutz, Dirk Adriaensen