By Christine Isom-Verhaaren
In 1543, the Ottoman fleet seemed off the coast of France to bombard and lay siege to the town of great. The operation, lower than the command of Admiral Barbarossa, got here in keeping with a request from François I of France for the aid of Sultan Süleyman the really good in France’s fight opposed to Charles V, the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain. This army alliance among mutual "infidels", the Christian French King and the Muslim Sultan, aroused extreme condemnation on spiritual grounds from the Habsburgs and their supporters as an aberration from permitted international relations. stories of the Crusades have been, in any case, nonetheless greatly alive in Europe and an alliance with "the Turk" appeared unthinkable to many. Allies with the Infidel areas the occasions of 1543 and the following wintering of the Ottoman fleet in Toulon within the context of the ability politics of the 16th century. hoping on modern Ottoman and French assets, it offers the realpolitik of international relations with "infidels" within the early smooth period. the result's crucial studying for college students and students of ecu heritage, Ottoman reports, and of relatives among the Christian and Islamic worlds.
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Extra resources for Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies)
Ferdinand of Aragon (1479–1516). Aragonese kings of Naples. Ludovico Sforza, duke of Milan (1494–1500). Maximilian, a Habsburg, emperor (1493–1519) Alexander VI, Rodrigo Borgia (1492–1503). Charles VIII, Valois (1483–98). Bayezid II (1481–1512). Louis XII, Valois, house of Orleans (1498–1515). Joined the allies later. Henry VII, Tudor (1485–1509). Julius II, della Rovere (1503–13). Henry VIII, Tudor (1509–47). Leo X, Giovanni de’ Medici (1513–21). François I, Valois (1515–47). Charles, Habsburg, king of Spain after 1516.
The pope also viewed the crusade as a way to divert the French and the Spanish from Italy. The diplomatic maneuvering in 1501 continued to strengthen the connections between events in Italy and the Ottomans. Venice persuaded Louis XII not to campaign in Italy but, instead, to support a naval expedition against the Ottomans. 9 Since Bayezid had maintained contacts with western states dating from the years Cem spent in France and Italy, he was aware of the opportunities that the struggle for Italy opened for Ottoman diplomacy.
Placed by us in Toulon, even in Provence they made their harvest of girls and their provision of galley slaves. 45 His account has more in common with Giovio’s than with those of sixteenth-century French eyewitnesses, whose reports were nearly all published by the time he wrote this portion of his Histoire de France. ’ Answering the question: why have contemporary French sources been mostly disregarded in modern historiography, requires exploring at least two issues. Part of the answer lies in the changing nature of international relations from the sixteenth century to the twentyfirst.
Allies with the Infidel: The Ottoman and French Alliance in the Sixteenth Century (Library of Ottoman Studies) by Christine Isom-Verhaaren