By Umut Uzer
During this publication, Umut Uzer examines the ideological evolution and transformation of Turkish nationalism from its early precursors to its modern protagonists. Turkish nationalism erupted onto the area degree within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, as Greeks, Armenians, and different minority teams in the Ottoman Empire started to search independence. in part in accordance with the emerging nationalist voices of those teams, Turkish intellectuals started propagating Turkish nationalism via educational in addition to renowned books, and later institutions released semipropagandist journals with the help of the Unionist and Kemalist governments. whereas predominantly a textual research of the first assets written by way of the nationalists, this quantity takes into consideration how political advancements prompted Turkish nationalism and likewise tackles the query of the way an ideology that begun as a progressive, innovative, forward-looking excellent finally reworked into one who is conservative, patriarchal, and mawkish to the Ottoman and Islamic earlier. among Islamic and Turkish id is the 1st e-book in any language to comprehensively examine Turkish nationalism with such scope and engagement with basic resources; it goals to dissect the phenomenon in all its manifestations.
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Additional info for An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity
Turks began to realize that they had a much older history than the Ottoman history that they had studied and that they had existed for centuries as a separate people before converting to Islam between the tenth and eleventh centuries. One of the early examples of Orientalist studies on Turkish language was by Arthur Lumley Davids, who published A Grammar of the Turkish Language in London in 1832. 5 Another contributor to cultural-scholarly nationalism was Mustafa Celalettin Paşa, a Polish nationalist whose original name was Constantin Borzecki.
While the state and the nation seemed to work hand in hand in Turkish history, the existence of a certain gulf between the two entities should be emphasized. Examples of divergence between the nationalists and the state include Atatürk’s closing down of the Turkish Hearth in 1931; the Racism-Turanism incident in 1944 that was the culmination of the clash between the İsmet İnönü administration and the nationalists; the closing of the Nationalists’ Association by the Adnan Menderes government in 1953; and the arrest, torture, and hanging of Nationalist Action Party (NAP) followers by the military regime of 1980.
Regarding the revolutionary and Westernist aspects of Tanrıöver’s ideas, we should note the importance of gender equality. He pointed out that the “entire hopes for the future of Turkey depend on women, not merely rearing children” but actively participating in social and political life. To the conservative member of parliament from Erzurum, Ziya Bey, he replied that civilization is not subject to customs, which freely flow into the country. ” In fact modern Turkey was more ethical than the Ottoman period had been.
An Intellectual History of Turkish Nationalism: Between Turkish Ethnicity and Islamic Identity by Umut Uzer