Middle East

Read e-book online Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922-1940 PDF

By Massimiliano Fiore

ISBN-10: 0754669645

ISBN-13: 9780754669647

Among 1923 and 1934, Britain and Italy waged conflict by means of proxy within the heart East. in the back of the looks of eu collaboration, family members among London and Rome within the pink Sea have been particularly annoying. even though realistically Mussolini couldn't determine or continue colonies within the Arabian Peninsula within the face of British competition, his regime undertook a couple of projects within the area to augment Italo-Arab kin and to pave the best way for destiny enlargement as soon as the stability of strength in Europe had shifted in Italy's favour. This publication examines 4 key facets of family members among Britain and Italy within the center East within the interwar interval: the war of words among London and Rome for political impact between Arab leaders and nationalists; the contest for advertisement and exchange benefits within the zone; the Anglo-Italian propaganda struggle to win the hearts and minds of the Arab populations; and, the key international of British and Italian espionage and intelligence. a detailed research of those 4 key components demonstrates how Anglo-Italian family broke down over the interwar interval and complements our wisdom and realizing of the criteria best as much as the widening of the second one international warfare within the Mediterranean. This e-book is vital analyzing for students excited about Anglo-Italian kin, the actions of the Powers within the center East and the tensions among the colonial powers.

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Extra resources for Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922-1940

Example text

51 ADM to Crowe, ‘Italian Activities in the Red Sea’, 30 November 1925, E 7439/176/91 FO 371/10819. 52 Director of Plans to the Assistant Chief of the Naval Staff, ‘Empire Naval Policy and Cooperation, 1926’, 1 April 1926, ADM 116/2311. 53 Memorandum written by Mallett, ‘Menace to Farasan Islands and Kamaran as Result of War Material Being Supplied to Imam by Italy’, 15 July 1926, E 4332/2660/91 FO 371/11447. Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922–1940 20 concurred with this suggestion.

57 Both this memorandum and Chamberlain’s remark are of fundamental importance because they reveal beyond doubt that behind the façade of European partnership, a seditious covert war was being waged in the Arabian Peninsula and in the Red Sea. To aggravate the situation even further, Gasparini was invited to consolidate 54 CO to IO, ‘Arabia: Yemeni Affairs’, 24 April 1926, IOR L/P&S/10/792; IO to CO, ‘Italian Bid for Control of Farasan Islands’, 10 July 1926, E 4176/2660/91 FO 371/11447; CO to FO, ‘Protection of Farasan Islands from Imam and Italians: Minutes of a Conference Held at the Colonial Office on the 16th of July, 1926’, 5 August 1926, E 4631/2660/91 FO 371/11447.

70 ASMAE, AP 1919–1930, Egitto, b. 1004, f. 2722, ‘Politica italiana in Egitto’, Mussolini to Paternò di Manchi, 24 December 1926. 71 Erlich, ‘Mussolini and the Middle East’, pp. 215–16. 72 By the end of June, reports had reached London that the Idrisi had completely come under the influence of Gasparini’s agents and had commanded the Shell Group to cease work. British naval intelligence also showed conclusive evidence that the warship Archimede had visited the Farasan Islands bringing Abdulla Sohail, who on landing had endeavoured by bribery to seduce the sheiks and inhabitants away from their allegiance to the Idrisi and to get them on board to sign a document stating that they wanted the oil concession to be given to the Italians and the Farasan to be the property of the Imam.

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Anglo-Italian Relations in the Middle East, 1922-1940 by Massimiliano Fiore


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