By Grigoris Balakian, Peter Balakian
By no means earlier than in English, Armenian Golgotha is the main dramatic and accomplished eyewitness account of the 1st sleek genocide.
On April 24, 1915, the priest Grigoris Balakian was once arrested besides a few 250 different intellectuals and leaders of Constantinople’s Armenian group. It was once the start of the Ottoman Turkish government’s systematic try and dispose of the Armenian humans from Turkey; it used to be a crusade that endured via global struggle I and the autumn of the Ottoman Empire, through which time greater than 1000000 Armenians were annihilated and expunged from their ancient place of origin. For Grigoris Balakian, himself condemned, it was once additionally the start of a four-year ordeal within which he could undergo witness to a likely unending caravan of blood.
Balakian sees his countrymen despatched in carts, on donkeys, or walking to stand definite loss of life within the wasteland of northern Syria. Many wouldn't even live on the adventure, agony hunger, illness, mutilation, and rape, between different tortures, ahead of being slaughtered en course. In those pages, he brings to lifestyles the phrases and deeds of survivors, overseas witnesses, and Turkish officers thinking about the bloodbath strategy, and in addition of these few courageous, righteous Turks, who, with a few of their German allies operating for the Baghdad Railway, resisted orders calling for the loss of life of the Armenians. Miraculously, Balakian manages to flee, and his flight—through wooded area and over mountain, in hide as a railroad employee after which as a German soldier—is a suspenseful, harrowing odyssey that makes attainable his singular testimony.
Full of intelligent insights into the political, old, and cultural context of the Armenian genocide—the template for the next mass killings that experience solid a shadow around the 20th century and beyond—this memoir is destined to turn into a vintage of survivor literature. Armenian Golgotha is bound to deepen our realizing of a catastrophic crime that the Turkish govt, the Ottomans’ successor, denies to this present day.
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Extra info for Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1918
After the Armistice, he went to the Paris Peace Conference with Archbishop Yeghishe Tourian, Professor A. Der Hagopian, and Dr. Armenag Parseghian to join the Armenian delegations. He then apparently returned to Constantinople. He went to Cilicia (historic Armenia in southern Turkey) to evaluate the remnants of Armenian life there, but in 1920 his mission was aborted with the evacuation of Cilicia by the Kemalists. By 1921 he was the pastor of the Armenians in Manchester and London. The catholicos charged him to organize a diocese of the Armenians in Europe, a daunting project that he was unable to complete, despite his energetic efforts.
A mass influx of Muslim refugees into Turkey creates increased political animosity toward Christians, and Turkish nationalism intensifies. 1913 JANUARY 26 The triumvirate of Ismail Enver, Mehmed Talaat, and Ahmed Jemal stages a coup, taking over the government in the name of an extreme nationalist ideology. 1913-14 Balakian studies theology at the University of Berlin. 1914 FEBRUARY 8 The Armenian Reform Agreement, whose passage is overseen by the European powers, allows European inspectors to oversee the condition of Ottoman Armenians, angering Turkey.
APRIL 23 In Ankara, Turkish nationalists form a separategovernment and elect Mustapha Kemal as theirleader. The Allies, negotiating the Treaty of Sèvres, askPresident Wilson to draw the boundary lines of the Armenian Republic. MAY 24 President Wilson goes before Congress seeking a mandate for Armenia. The Senate will reject it on June 1. SEPTEMBER Kemalist forces launch a major offensive against the Republic of Armenia. They capture the Armenian lands formerly occupied by Russia. NOVEMBER 22 President Wilson submits the boundary lines for a postwar land settlement for Armenia, including the provinces of Ererum, Trebizond, Van, and Bitlis and an outlet on the Black Sea.
Armenian Golgotha: A Memoir of the Armenian Genocide, 1915-1918 by Grigoris Balakian, Peter Balakian