By Jasmine Dum-Tragut
This grammar of contemporary jap Armenian supplies an actual and specific description of the jap Armenian language of the Republic of Armenia. It covers not just the normative culture yet, extra importantly, additionally describes the colloquial language because it is utilized in Armenia this day. in regards to methodological technique and terminology it absolutely meets the calls for of contemporary common linguistics and typology.
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Extra info for Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian
In all other words it is pronounced [b], as ³µ»Ã abet’ [cb7th] “tinder”, ·áõµ gub [gub] “ditch, hollow”, ÉáµÇ lobi [lfbi] “bean”, Ñáµ»ÉÛ³Ý hobelyan [hfb7ljcn] “jubilee”, ²µ»É Abel [cb7l] “Abel” etc. it follows the voiced uvular fricative [t], [b] is only pronounced voiceless but not aspirated [p] in the following words (and their derivations and compounds) ³Õµ ałb [aóp] “dirt”, ³ÕµÛáõñ ałbyur [cópjun] “spring”, »Õµ³Ûñ ełbayr [j7ópcjn] “brother”, áÕµ³É ołbal [‚fóbcl] “to lament”. 2. A voiced dental [d] is pronounced as [th], if: – it follows a flap [r] [n] in the following words (and their derivations and compounds): ³ñ¹³ñ ardar [cnthcn] “fair, just”, ³ñ¹»Ý arden [cnth7n] “already”, µ³ñ¹ bard [bcnth] “complex”, µ»ñ¹ berd [b7nth] “fortress”, µñ¹»É brdel [b6nth7l] “to crumble” µáõñ¹ burd [bunth] “wool”, ¹ñ¹»É drdel [d6nth7l] “to incite”, »ñ¹ erd [j7nth] “roof ”, »ñ¹áõÙ erdum .
There are also some other alternations that affect the pronunciation of consonants and which are not expressed in orthography. d. g. ³ÝµÇÍ anbic [cmbits] “spotless”30 if followed by a dental plosive [d, t, th] it appears as an alveodental [n] if followed by a velar plosive [g, k, kh] it appears as a velar ], as in ³Ý·Çñ angir [c]gin] “by heart”, ëáõÝÏ sunk [su]k] “mushroom”, í³Ýù vank’ [vc]kh] monastery etc. if followed by the postalveolar affricate [dŠ], it appears as a palatal [\], as in ³Ýç³ï anjat [c\dŠct] “separate”.
In the medial and final positions  is realised as . – There is, however, an exception to this rule of word formation in which the internal  is pronounced with an initial glide as [j7]: in the case of words (compounds or with . According to historical linguistics, Classical Armenian exhibited a phonological difference between , written as e and the diphthong-like vowel [e(j)] written as ¿ ē, which only occurs in stressed syllables. It could have developed from an Indo-European diphthong [ej].
Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian by Jasmine Dum-Tragut