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Additional info for Army Rail Transportation Units, Oprns [US Army TM 55-20]
One team per railway terminal when the number of terminals to be operated exceeds the capabilities of a transportation railway battalion. c. Team EC, Railway Section Crew. (1) Mission. The team performs railway maintenance of way. (2) Capabilities. The team maintains 15-24 track miles (track, roadbeds, switches, and miscellaneous railway facilities). (3) Basis of allocation. As required based on stated capabilities of the team. d. Team ED, Diesel-Electric Locomotive Maintenance Crew (Direct Support).
Switch points should always be observed to make sure that they agree with the aspect displayed. It is doubtful whether electric signals should be relied on by TRS in guerrilla-infested territory. h. Hand Signals. Railroad crews moving along a main track are always on the alert for hand signals displayed on the track ahead. Open stations will display “stop” or “proceed” signals depending on whether or not the station has any orders or instructions for the crew. When operating in adverse territory, hand signals observed between stations are regarded with suspicion.
Usually a branch line is constructed of lighter rail and has fewer crossties and poorer ballast than a main line. During phase I operations, branch lines may be used to meet military needs until the main lines can be rehabilitated. 2-5. CAR ALLOCATION AND DISTRIBUTION Cars are allocated for loading based on priorities set by theater army and other higher headquarters. Necessary rolling stock to fill requirements is authorized in the movement program. Movements not included in this program must be specifically authorized on a “spot” or immediate requirement basis by appropriate TRS or other logistical command headquarters.
Army Rail Transportation Units, Oprns [US Army TM 55-20]