Epistemology

Download e-book for kindle: Assessment Sensitivity: Relative Truth and its Applications by John MacFarlane

By John MacFarlane

ISBN-10: 0199682755

ISBN-13: 9780199682751

John MacFarlane debates how we would make feel of the concept that fact is relative, and the way we'd use this concept to provide pleasing money owed of components of our notion and speak that experience resisted conventional tools of study. even supposing there's a giant philosophical literature on relativism approximately fact, going again to Plato's Theaetetus, this literature (both professional and con) has tended to target refutations of the doctrine, or refutations of those refutations, on the rate of claiming sincerely what the doctrine is. against this, Assessment Sensitivity starts off with a transparent account of what it really is to be a relativist approximately fact, and makes use of this view to provide fulfilling debts of what we suggest after we speak about what's tasty, what we all know, what's going to ensue, what will be the case, and what we should do. The ebook seeks to supply a richer framework for the outline of linguistic practices than usual truth-conditional semantics provides: person who permits not only ordinary contextual sensitivity (sensitivity to gains of the context during which an expression is used), yet assessment sensitivity (sensitivity to positive factors of the context from which a use of an expression is assessed).

The Context and Content sequence is a discussion board for remarkable unique study on the intersection of philosophy, linguistics, and cognitive technological know-how. the final editor is Francois Recanati (Institut Jean-Nicod, Paris).

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Extra info for Assessment Sensitivity: Relative Truth and its Applications

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2 Disagreement A related objection to truth relativism concerns the possibility of disagreement. In his unpublished manuscript “Logic,” Frege writes: If something were true only for him who held it to be true, there would be no contradiction between the opinions of different people. So to be consistent, any person holding this view would have no right whatever to contradict the opposite view, he would have to espouse the principle: non disputandum est. He would not be able to assert anything at all in the normal sense, and even if his utterances had the form of assertions, they would only have the status of interjections—of expressions of mental states or processes, between which and such states or processes in another person there could be no contradiction.

18 See, for example, Hare (1970), Blackburn (1984, 1988), Gibbard (1990, 2003), Price (1994), Horwich (2005), Schroeder (2008), and Richard (2008). 3. A Taste of Relativism 22 3. Retraction conditions. Our account should explain why speakers will retract (rather than stand by) an earlier assertion that something was tasty, if the flavor the thing had at the time of the assertion is not pleasing to their present tastes—even if it was pleasing to the tastes they had then. 4. Disagreement. Our account should explain how there can be genuine disagreements about whether something is tasty, even when both parties have first-hand knowledge of its flavor and know that its flavor is pleasing to one of them but not the other.

But the fact that expressions of agreement and disagreement should take this form—with the surface appearance of propositional anaphora—needs explaining. Surely the simplest hypothesis is that there really is propositional anaphora in these cases. A Taste of Relativism 20 The problem is amplified by the need to make sense of simple inferences like (26) Sam believes that this fish is tasty. Sally believes that too. So, there is something that Sam and Sally both believe. It is easy to see why this inference is valid, if “that” in the second premise refers to the proposition denoted by “that this fish is tasty” in the first premise.

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Assessment Sensitivity: Relative Truth and its Applications by John MacFarlane


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