By Haim Beinart
Atlases facing the historical past of the Jews have all started showing in English just recently. it truly is for this reason an exceptional contribution to the sector to have this translation of a quantity first released in Israel, the place students have lengthy discovered the significance of such works for either scholars and researchers. The meticulous study of Beinart (Hebrew Univ., Jerusalem), one of many ultimate students of medieval Jewish background, is clear on each web page. He has divided the booklet into 3 significant sections: an preliminary component extending from the barbarian invasion of Europe to the Crusades; a moment dedicated to the interval finishing with the expulsion from Spain; and a last phase masking advancements throughout the Chmielnicki massacres and Sabbatean circulation. each scholar of the interval will treasure the 116 maps and illustrations, demographic info, and paintings. the amount additionally features a worthy bibliography and map, topic, and other people indexes. This much-needed learn and academic instrument makes a superb significant other to Evyatar Friesel's Atlas of recent Jewish historical past ( LJ 1/1/91); it covers extensive fabric touched on in Martin Gilbert's The Illustrated Atlas of Jewish Civilization (one of LJ 's "Best Reference Books," 4/15/91). hugely suggested to libraries and the overall audience.
- Jehuda Reinharz, Brandeis Univ., Waltham, Mass.
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Additional resources for Atlas of Medieval Jewish History
R. Harinai Rav Ivomal Rav Joseph b. R. Abba Rav Abraham b. R. ShetIra Baghdad, founded by Caliph al-Mansur (762), attracted many Jewish settlers. Although the beginnings of the Jewish Diaspora in Babylon preceded the Muslim conquest, the gaonate period coincided with the period of Muslim rule. The decline of the gaonate began with the death of Rav Hai Gaon in 1038. The gaonate period is of special sign~cance in the history of the Jewish people because the Jewish center in Babylon played a decisive role in the life of the nation and had the vigor to withstand the competition with Eretz Israel for the hegemony over Jewish life, and to prevail.
One of his famous epistles was written in response to an inquiry from Rabbi Jacob b. Nissim b. Shahin of the Kairouan community, who asked for information regarding the Mishnah and Talmud. Sherira's reply was a classic work of Jewish historiography in which he listed the generations of Jewish scholars from the men of the Great Sanhedrin until the period of the gaonate. His son and successor, Rav Hai Gaon, gaon of Pumbedita, was one of the great halakhists, a paytan, liturgist, judge and writer.
For about three weeks the Jewish refugees from Cologne succeeded in finding shelter in their hiding places. However, on 23 June they were discovered in Wevelinghoven, on 24 June in Neuss, and on 30 June in M6rs. Those Jews who did not undergo baptism by force or by consent died for kiddush ha-Shem. During this perod a band of French farmers who had attacked the Jews of Rouen at the end of May reached Cologne. In mid-June the Jewish communities of Trier and Metz were slaughtered. The destruction of the Ashkenaz communities was almost total.
Atlas of Medieval Jewish History by Haim Beinart