By Efthimios Kaxiras
This graduate textbook designed for college kids in physics, chemistry and fabrics technology offers a latest therapy of the speculation of solids facing the physics of electron and phonon states in crystals and the way they make sure the constitution and homes of solids. the 1st a part of the ebook bargains with electrons and atoms in a crystal, and the second one half extends the dialogue to defects in crystals and to constructions with no crystalline symmetry. there are lots of workouts all through and appendices to supply the mandatory history.
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Additional resources for Atomic and Electronic Structure of Solids
8, can then serve as the new basis for representing electron wavefunctions, and their overlap with neighboring wavefunctions of the same type can lead to interesting ways of arranging the atoms into a stable crystalline lattice (see Appendix B on the character of atomic orbitals). In the following we will use the symbols s(r), pl (r), dm (r), to denote atomic orbitals as they would exist in an isolated atom, which are functions of r. When they are related to an atom A at position R A , these become functions of r − R A and are denoted by s A (r), plA (r), dmA (r).
Solids composed of such elements are referred to as “alkali halides”. It is natural to expect that the atom with one valence electron will lose it to the more electronegative atom with the seven valence electrons, which then acquires a closed electronic shell, completing the s and p levels. This of course leads to one positively and one negatively charged ion, which are repeated periodically in space to form a lattice. The easiest way to arrange such atoms is at the corners of a cube, with alternating corners occupied by atoms of the opposite type.
10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 37 This book represents a balanced introduction to the theoretical formalism needed for the study of solids at an advanced level; it covers both the single-particle and the many-body pictures. W. Anderson (Benjamin-Cummings Publishing, Menlo Park, 1984). The Solid State, A. Guinier and R. Jullien (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1989). P. Sutton (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1993). This book is a modern account of the physics of solids, with an emphasis on topics relevant to materials science and technological applications.
Atomic and Electronic Structure of Solids by Efthimios Kaxiras