By J. Aunesluoma
Juhana Aunesluoma considers the ways that Scandinavia's, particularly impartial Sweden's, courting was once cast with the Western powers after the second one international struggle. He argues that in the early chilly battle Britain had a different function in Scandinavia and within the ways that Western orientated neutrality grew to become part of the foreign method. New facts is gifted on British, American and Swedish international and defence guidelines relating to neutrality within the chilly war.
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Additional info for Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality
113 12 Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54 Although the official government line allowed little room for doubts, not everybody in Sweden was in favour of an isolationist policy based on nonalignment. From a strategic point of view, the disappearance of Germany as a counterbalance to the Soviet Union in the Baltic region posed a new threat to Sweden. The military saw this most clearly and this was largely behind their attempts to foster closer relations with the British, who felt the same about the Swedes.
The supply of vital raw materials, such as iron ore, timber and other forestry products from Sweden, and foodstuffs from Denmark, highlighted the region’s economic significance. 166 a situation not unlike that with Germany during the Second World War. How this would affect US policy depended to a great extent on the influence the British would have in Washington in persuading the Americans to adopt a line that was in harmony with the multiplicity of British interests in Sweden. Trade policy activated During the Second World War, Sweden’s association with the Sterling bloc was terminated.
179 On the contrary, an increase in Sweden’s Eastern trade was welcomed. 180 Generally speaking, the British thought that expansion of trade with hitherto isolated parts of the world was a good thing in itself. With Eastern Europe, trade also had a political bearing, but not in the same way as the Americans saw it at that stage. According to British thinking, East–West trade might eventually loosen the hold of the Soviet Union over its satellites. As was done with Finland, maintaining that country’s economic contacts with the West was an aspect of British policy that was, as we now know, immensely important.
Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality by J. Aunesluoma