By David Cesarani, Paul A. Levine
Utilizing obtainable archival assets, a workforce of historians exhibit how a lot america, Britain, Switzerland and Sweden knew in regards to the Nazi try to homicide the entire Jews of Europe in the course of international warfare II.
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Utilizing obtainable archival resources, a group of historians exhibit how a lot america, Britain, Switzerland and Sweden knew concerning the Nazi try to homicide the entire Jews of Europe in the course of global struggle II.
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Additional info for Bystanders to the Holocaust
The dispossession of the Jews, like mass murder, required extensive local collaboration. This practice, as much as participation in genocide, helped cement the Germans with their associates. 20 The Nazis’ asset stripping and looting activity also required a vast laundering operation abroad. As investigation after investigation showed how this function was performed by the neutral states, their status as ‘bystanders’ was increasingly called into question. 21 Finally, investigators discovered that banks in Britain, the USA, and British-run Palestine were not above quietly appropriating the assets of Jewish refugees or less fortunate depositors who perished at the hands of the Nazis.
They could mount public campaigns to achieve the former, an option that was fanciful in Germany or occupied Europe, but the outcome was uncertain and slow to achieve. 31 However, if they flouted the law individuals and institutions boasting close relations with the authorities put at risk their hard-won status and access to power. 32 It is notable that Nicholas Winton, a rescuer who shredded the red tape in his efforts to get endangered children out of Prague, was not associated with any major communal or relief organisation and therefore had less to lose.
The Nazis would not have been able to capitalise on these purloined assets unless there existed an internal market for stolen goods in occupied Europe. Their plundering of Jewish-owned businesses and property in the Reich and in occupied countries, euphemistically dubbed ‘aryanisation’, involved surveying and registering an array of enterprises and then expropriating them for direct exploitation by Germans or selling them off to local people. The dispossession of the Jews, like mass murder, required extensive local collaboration.
Bystanders to the Holocaust by David Cesarani, Paul A. Levine