Physiology

Get Cell Polarity 1: Biological Role and Basic Mechanisms PDF

By Klaus Ebnet

ISBN-10: 3319144626

ISBN-13: 9783319144627

ISBN-10: 3319144634

ISBN-13: 9783319144634

This paintings presents a state-of-the artwork review at the such a lot correct facets of mobilephone polarity.

Volume 1 addresses mobile polarity and mobile migration (front-rear polarity), mobilephone polarity and barrier formation (apico-basal polarity) and neuronal polarity. It fairly makes a speciality of phone polarity on the molecular point and the underlying molecular mechanisms. It additionally elaborates the typical ideas and mechanisms that keep watch over mobile polarization in numerous phone forms and contexts.

Both volumes are meant for professors, staff leaders and researchers in mobilephone biology in addition to doctors within the fields of anatomy, mobile biology, body structure, pathology and tumor biology.

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Additional info for Cell Polarity 1: Biological Role and Basic Mechanisms

Sample text

In addition, the effect of MARK2 on migration has been attributed to its role in centrosome dynamics through its MARK activity. The role of MARK2 in neuronal migration has already been suggested in 2004 by demonstrating that MARK2 inhibits the MT binding of doublecortin (Dcx), the mutation of which results in a neuronal migration disorder (X-linked lissencephaly: X-LIS). PAR-1 has been suggested to regulate neuronal migration by directly phosphorylating a serine residue, which is mutated in X-LIS cases (Schaar et al.

2010). 2 Other Roles of PAR-1 in Regulating Neuronal Functions In the development process of the layered structure of the mammalian brain, cortical neurons formed at the apical ventricular zone (VZ) exhibit dynamic polarity changes during their radial migration toward the deep basal layers (Fig. 4b). The neurons exit from VZ with directional polarity to the intermediate zone (IZ), where they transiently acquire a multipolar phenotype, and later transit to a bipolar morphology extending the leading and tailing processes, of which the latter corresponds to the future axon.

The basolateral localization of PAR-1 in follicle cells is inherited by migrating border cells as asymmetric localization to the rear end, where PAR-1 locally activates NMY-II and promotes detachment of border cells from follicle cells. Although a similar activity has not been observed in mammals, yet, it may provide the molecular basis for the phenomena that MARK2-lacking MDCK cells lose the epithelial-specific columnar shape (Cohen et al. 2004; Suzuki et al. 2004), which is maintained by the contraction of actomyosin bundles surrounding the apex of the epithelial cells.

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Cell Polarity 1: Biological Role and Basic Mechanisms by Klaus Ebnet


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