By David Fletcher
A fire-breathing 'monster' at the battlefield, the Churchill Crocodile flamethrower was once essentially the most devastating and awe-inspiring guns of the second one global conflict. Tank specialist David Fletcher chronicles the advance of the flamethrower tank, detailing the versions of the Crocodile and reading the dramatic results of those tanks in conflict from D-Day to the dramatic flamethrower assault at the River Senio in Italy. Revealing the strengths and weaknesses of the flamethrower tanks, Fletcher investigates the post-war use of Crocodiles to burn down and sterilize the location of Belsen focus camp, in addition to their mobilization for the Korean warfare, and post-war advancements to the prototype Centurion Crocodile. as well as the position of the Churchill Crocodile at the battlefields of Western Europe, some of the wheeled flamethrowers designed for domestic safeguard in Britain in the course of international warfare II are tested. Researched utilizing the papers of Reginald Fraser- the genius in the back of the flamethrowers and dramatically illustrated with distinct art and formerly unpublished modern pictures, this ebook brings to lifestyles the genuine terror of those tanks.
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Extra info for Churchill Crocodile Flamethrower (New Vanguard, Volume 136)
The entire scheme was closed down by the end of 1944. Incidentally, the Churchill was only included as an alternative on the first design. All the rest were based on Shermans. Whether the 'Adder' project began as a result of the demise of Salamander or independently in its own right is not clear, but it was different to the extent that the Adder was a bolt-on arrangement intended to be fitted to a tank as required, at a base workshop if need be. It had much more in common with the old Churchill Oke than anything else and the armoured cover, shielding an 80-gallon (363-litre) fuel container and pressure cylinder at the rear, is almost identical.
The revived 7th RTR (it had been 10th RTR until April 1943) was the third Churchill regiment to convert to Crocodiles. This took place in February 1945, shortly after the regiment had withdrawn from its part in the investment of Dunkirk. In their training they were assisted by 1st Fife & Forfar Yeomanry. So, for the final four months of the war in Europe, 31st Armoured Tank Brigade included three Crocodile regiments. Not that it ever operated as a complete brigade, or its constituent regiments even as complete regiments come to that.
When 5th Canadian Armoured Division arrived in Italy, the Westminster Regiment was its Motor Battalion and the markings shown are correct for that role. However, at one stage, in keeping with local practice, British and Commonwealth armoured divisions in Italy added a second infantry brigade to their strength because infantry proved to be more effective than armour in the prevailing conditions. Thus, at the time of this action, the Westminster Regiment was part of the newly created 12th Canadian Infantry Brigade.
Churchill Crocodile Flamethrower (New Vanguard, Volume 136) by David Fletcher