Transportation

Dionysius A Agius's Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean PDF

By Dionysius A Agius

ISBN-10: 9004158634

ISBN-13: 9789004158634

This publication charts the advance of Islamic ships and boats within the Western Indian Ocean from the 7th to the early 16th century just about prior sessions. It makes use of frequently Classical and Medieval Arabic literary resources with iconographical facts and archaeological reveals. The interdependence of assorted buying and selling actions within the area led to a pass fertilization, not just of products but additionally of rules and tradition which gave an underlying harmony to the Arabian, Persian and Indian maritime peoples. This research has resulted in a re-examination of that maritime tradition, displaying that it used to be predominantly Persian and Indian, with chinese language impression, through the Islamic interval until eventually the arriving of the Portuguese, as mirrored in nautical terminology and know-how.

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Extra resources for Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean

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One of the earliest travel accounts, the AkhbÊr al-ÂÒn wa-l-Hind (News on China and India) is known to be a part of a work entitled Silsilat altawÊrÒkh (A Chain of Narratives). The authorship of this book remains a mystery, but one version is that the travellers’ tales were collected by a certain merchant named SulaymÊn al-TÊjir (SulaymÊn the Merchant) who had compiled it circa 237/851, though earlier material could have been collected before this date, perhaps in the second/eighth century. SulaymÊn was probably a sea captain too, whose voyages took him to Inda and China.

In doing so, several maritime cultural terms entered their lexica. In an early work, Arabic Literary Works as a Source of Documentation for Technical Terms of the Material Culture, I argued that there are no classical-medieval historical dictionaries;28 the traditional approach of Arabic lexica was purely descriptive, their purpose being to deal with diction, quotations from the QurxÊn, ÆadÒth and pre-Islamic poetry. They are without doubt monumental, yet incomplete, works. The tools needed, therefore, for a synchronic investigation of technical terms of material culture in Arabic are generally not satisfactory.

367/977–8) (map 2). Al-Mas{ÖdÒ (d. 345/956–7) calls it al-Ba˜r al-FÊrisÒ (the Sea of Fars) as well as KhalÒj FÊrs (the Gulf of Fars);4 it is described by Ibn al-BalkhÒ (Á. e. 5 Other names for the Gulf followed in the sixteenth century: the Ottoman PÒrÒ RexÒs (d. 6 The Ottomans, who captured Basra from the Portuguese in 1546, applied three names: the Gulf of Basra, the Gulf of Qatif or the Gulf of Arabia. They were used in subsequent charts, such as the 1548 map of the Italian cartographer Giacomo Castaldi, which had Golpho di Persia (the Gulf of Persia) and Ganson (1568) gave Mare Elacatif (The Sea of al-Qatif ) while the map of Diego Ribero (1529) retained the old name, Sinus Persicus.

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Classic Ships of Islam: From Mesopotamia to the Indian Ocean by Dionysius A Agius


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