Environmental Science

Climate: Causes and Effects of Climate Change - download pdf or read online

By Dana Desonie

ISBN-10: 0816062145

ISBN-13: 9780816062140

Weather is a smart booklet to benefit concerning the weather in a single effortless to learn booklet. the writer does a good task of explaining the main points of the motives and results of the realm, and refers to numerous clinical reports that aid prepare this wealth of information.

I may suggest this ebook to someone within the age team of sixth grade to twelfth grade or an grownup. This publication makes you extra conscious of every thing we do in our day-by-day lives and the way it truly is effecting our world.

I even requested the writer to provide an explanation for a desk to me a bit greater and it used to be spoke back on www.ExplainMyBook.com.

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Read Online or Download Climate: Causes and Effects of Climate Change PDF

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Additional info for Climate: Causes and Effects of Climate Change

Sample text

Useful recent events are nuclear bomb tests that have left deposits of radioactive isotopes in the ice. Volcanic ash is valuable for ice of any age because the ash can be correlated to specific eruptions far back in time. Age can also be determined by the chemistry of marine sediments. Gases and particles trapped in snowfall can be analyzed by examining ice layers. These substances represent atmospheric con-­ ditions at the time the snow fell. Scientists can analyze CO2 in the gases to determine the concentration of that greenhouse gas at the time and to ascertain its source, whether from volcanic eruptions or burning fossil fuels, for example.

For example, they might construct a model to predict the effect of increased air temperature on sea 45 46 Climate surface temperature (SST) since 1980. They begin with air and ocean temperatures from 1980 and then input the increased air temperatures measured since that time. The scientists then run the model to see whether it correctly predicts current SST. If it does, the model can then be used to predict the future with some degree of confidence. Models are also continuously updated. The success of a model depends in part on the scientists’ ability to account for the interactions of land, atmosphere, ocean, and living things.

The resultant greenhouse warming made up for the smaller amount of solar radiation. The average solar radiation reaching Earth has changed only slightly during the past few hundred million years. Sunspots—­magnetic storms that appear as dark, relatively cool regions on the Sun’s ­ surface—­represent ­ short-­term variations in solar radiation. Sunspot activity varies on an 11-year cycle. When the number of sunspots is high, solar radiation is also relatively high. 1%, probably too little to affect Earth’s climate.

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Climate: Causes and Effects of Climate Change by Dana Desonie


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