By Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno
This multivolume paintings covers all elements of membrane technological know-how and technology--from easy phenomena to the main complicated functions and destiny views. glossy membrane engineering is critical to the improvement of process-intensification thoughts and to the stimulation of industrial growth. The paintings provides researchers and business managers with an imperative device towards reaching those aims.Covers membrane technological know-how idea and economics, in addition to functions starting from chemical purification and typical fuel enrichment to potable waterIncludes contributions and case experiences from internationally recognized experts and from up-and-coming researchers operating during this multi-billion buck box Takes a distinct, multidisciplinary procedure that stimulates study in hybrid applied sciences for present (and destiny) life-saving purposes (artificial organs, drug supply)
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Additional info for Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering vol III
Note, however, that if and when experimental data are available, it is not necessary to perform experiments. Experiments need to be carefully planned in order to verify not only hybrid process schemes but also constitutive models such as reaction kinetics, component flux through the membrane, and phase equilibrium. The quality of the experimental data needs to be checked by formulating a proper data reconciliation problem. 3 Fi1in ¼ f ðt Þ _ Fi2in ¼ f ðt Þ _ Fi1 ¼ f ðt Þ _ Fi1 ¼ f ðt Þ _ Fi1 ¼ f ðt Þ _ Fi2 ¼ f ðt Þ or for nonisothermal process operation, or if heat addition or heat removal is required.
Step III: Calculate the properties of structured material () using the property models embedded in the process model, where properties are a function of S and/or process conditions. Step IV: Solve the process model to determine the values of the outlet variables X . Step V: Compare the calculated (X ) against the performance criterion (P). If the criteria are satisfied, stop. Otherwise, repeat from step II. The new set could have different process conditions, different structure of the structured material or a completely different structured material.
Consequently, incorporating them in the membrane model, when possible, is not simple. On the other hand, in the reverse design algorithm, many polymers may be designed (identified) without having to repeatedly solve the membrane process model coupled with the corresponding polymer property model. 3 Synthesis Design of Hybrid Processes The design of hybrid process schemes where reaction (R) and separation (S) operations are combined into R–S and S–S hybrid process schemes is considered, as illustrated in Figure 3.
Comprehensive Membrane Science and Engineering vol III by Enrico Drioli, Lidietta Giorno