By Allan Gotthelf, James G. Lennox
The thinker and novelist Ayn Rand (1905–1982) is a cultural phenomenon. Her books have offered greater than twenty-eight million copies, and numerous members converse of her writings as having considerably motivated their lives. regardless of her acceptance, Rand’s philosophy of Objectivism has got little critical cognizance from educational philosophers.
Concepts and Their position in Knowledge deals scholarly research of key parts of Ayn Rand’s substantially new method of epistemology. The 4 essays, via participants in detail acquainted with this region of her paintings, speak about Rand’s concept of concepts—including its new account of abstraction and essence—and its imperative function in her epistemology; how that view results in a particular notion of the justification of data; her realist account of perceptual know-how and its position within the acquisition of data; and at last, the results of that idea for knowing the expansion of clinical wisdom. the quantity concludes with serious statement at the essays via uncommon philosophers with differing philosophical viewpoints and the author’s responses to these commentaries.
This is the second one booklet released in Ayn Rand Society Philosophical stories, which used to be constructed together with the Ayn Rand Society to supply a fuller scholarly knowing of this hugely unique and influential philosopher. The Ayn Rand Society, an affiliated crew of the yank Philosophical organization, japanese department, seeks to foster scholarly research via philosophers of the philosophical notion and writings of Ayn Rand.
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Additional resources for Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge: Reflections on Objectivist Epistemology
AYN RAND’S THEORY OF CONCEPTS ■ 33 As one comes to discover additional distinguishing characteristics of the units of a concept, one’s knowledge of those units changes—it expands. But, except in special cases, one’s concept does not change. 48 However, if one should discover a more fundamental distinguishing characteristic of the existents integrated into a concept, the definition will need to change to reflect that new knowledge. In the new context of knowledge, the old defining characteristic is no longer essential and falls out of the definition.
I say “essentially” here because advocates sometimes speak of a distinct act of intuiting, or grasping, the feature that has been isolated by abstraction. But that “grasp” is understood to be intuitive—passive—and not a further processing comparable, say, to Rand’s “process of measurement-omission,” to which we will return shortly. Locke, for example, writes, This is called abstraction, whereby ideas taken from particular beings become general representatives of all of the same kind; and their names general names, applicable to whatever exists conformable to such abstract ideas.
At the beginning level of concepts, the boundaries are set by the perceived similarities, which themselves are determined in part by the closeness of the relevant physical features and in part by our perceptual mechanisms. 21. Various aspects of this definition are discussed in detail in the workshop transcripts (ITOE 153–58). On the usefulness but yet the limitations of the term “mental entity” to capture the idea that a concept is a new mental existent, the persisting product of a mental process, see, in particular, ITOE 157–58.
Concepts and Their Role in Knowledge: Reflections on Objectivist Epistemology by Allan Gotthelf, James G. Lennox