By Peter L. Larson
Larson examines the altering kin among lords and peasants in post-Black demise Durham. This was once a period of time of upheaval and alter, a part of the transition from ‘medieval’ to ‘modern.’ Many historians have argued concerning the nature of this transformation and its factors, usually placing forth a unmarried all-encompassing version; Larson presses for the significance of person selection and motion, leading to a versatile, human framework that offers a extra applicable reason behind the various paths during this period.
The theoretical facet is balanced through an ‘on the ground’ exam of rural existence in Durham-- an try and trap the uncooked feelings and judgements of the interval. nobody has fairly tested this; such a lot experiences are speculative, counting on thought or information, instead of tracing the historical past of actual humans, either within the instant aftermath of the plague, and within the long run. Durham is lucky in that files live to tell the tale in abundance for this era; such a lot different stories of rural society finish at 1300 or 1348.
As such, this booklet fills an important hole in medieval English background whereas even as grappling with significant theories of switch for this transformative period.
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Additional resources for Conflict and Compromise in the Late Medieval Countryside: Lords and Peasants in Durham, 1349-1400 (Studies in Medieval History and Culture)
In general, the history of this manor falls more under the consensual model (see below), but there were times when the queens of England, when the manor formed part of their endowment, tried to pressure the tenants. In the 1280s, Queen Eleanor imprisoned the jurors of the vill until they revealed who had been chasing rabbits in her warren; after the Black Death, Queen Phillipa employed judicial inquiries to investigate infractions and to increase falling revenues (McIntosh 1986, 57–63). At least one individual connected with Havering was involved in the 1381 rebellion, although the full extent of participation is unclear (83–84).
In examining the immediate background of the revolt, Faith concluded that peasant discontent and ideology was very conservative and not completely bound up in revolutionary ideas; and that this discontent had been brewing for several years and was quite organized (1984). Dyer discussed the progress of a project to identify the participants in the revolt; the project already had found that many of the rebels were not peasants, while many of the peasant rebels came from the elite families, not from the poor or the villeins (1984).
This element is necessary in the definition to catch all of the blacksmiths, carpenters, and other artisans, as well as the laborers, who would not necessarily be defined as a peasant because much of their work was for “market” or was not agricultural, or because they sold their labor rather than falling under criterion one. The category could also include manorial famuli, clerks, and others who lived in the villages or remained part of that society. Although primarily devoted to other occupations, these men often had some land that they worked with their own household, and so would have been directly involved in the agricultural and economic life of the village as well as being participants in the village community.
Conflict and Compromise in the Late Medieval Countryside: Lords and Peasants in Durham, 1349-1400 (Studies in Medieval History and Culture) by Peter L. Larson