By Denis Vovchenko
Containing Balkan Nationalism specializes in the results of the Bulgarian nationwide stream that constructed within the context of Ottoman modernization and of eu imperialism within the close to East. The circulation aimed to accomplish the prestige of an self sufficient Bulgarian Orthodox church, removal ethnic Bulgarians from the jurisdiction of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. This self sufficient church prestige intended felony and cultural autonomy in the Islamic constitution of the Ottoman Empire, which famous spiritual minorities instead of ethnic ones.
Denis Vovchenko indicates how Russian policymakers, intellectuals, and prelates labored including the Ottoman executive, Balkan and different diplomats, and rival church buildings, to comprise and defuse ethnic clash between Ottoman Christians in the course of the advertising of supraethnic spiritual associations and identities. The predicted preparations have been frequently encouraged via glossy visions of a political and cultural union of Orthodox Slavs and Greeks. no matter if learned or no longer, they confirmed the energy and adaptability of supranational identities and associations at the eve of the 1st global warfare. The publication encourages modern analysts and policymakers to discover the potential for such conventional loyalties to defuse present ethnic tensions and function natural possible choices to everyday versions of power-sharing and federation.
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Additional resources for Containing Balkan nationalism : imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856-1914
Hupchik, Dennis, “Orthodoxy and Bulgarian Ethnic Awareness under Ottoman Rule, 1396–1762,” Nationalities Papers, 21, 2 (Fall 1993): 76. 88. 26. Danova, Nadia, “Predstavata za ‘Drugiia’ na Balkanite: Obrazut na Gurka v bulgarskata knizhnina prez XV-sredata na XIX,” Istoricheskii Pregled, 49, 6 (1993): 8. 27. Stavrianos, Leften, “Antecedents to the Balkan Revolutions of the Nineteenth Century,” Journal of Modern History, 29, 4 (1957): 346. 28 Monasteries played a particularly prominent role in the survival of Balkan Slavic culture.
44. 50. 83–84. 51. 9. ” Normally, the Byzantines, especially outside the narrow circles of Renaissance- minded intellectuals, called themselves “Rhomioi”—Romans. In its Turkicised form “Rumlar,” this name was applied to all Orthodox Christian subjects or Rum milleti. ”52 Thus, Ottoman encounters and interactions between the Greeks and the Bulgarians toned down their ethnic differences although they did not reach the level of fusion as with the Serbs. 53 Religion rather than any awareness of ethnic kinship was also behind the respect for Russia that had been growing since the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
The idea of divine right appealed to aspiring local monarchs with their centralizing agendas. Universal brotherhood of man attracted to the church those who felt mentally stifled by narrow-minded tribal paganism. 2 From the Byzantine perspective, religion justified the Roman idea of the universal empire and the Greek sense of superiority over the barbarians. The government in Constantinople sponsored missionary activities to render predatory pagan savages along the border less hostile. The most famous missionaries were saintly brothers Cyril and Methodius of Thessaloniki, whose father was probably a Byzantine governor of the city and their mother was of 2.
Containing Balkan nationalism : imperial Russia and Ottoman Christians, 1856-1914 by Denis Vovchenko