By Steven J. Zaloga
German defenses alongside the Normandy shorelines have been a part of the bigger Atlantic Wall fortifications designed to shield castle Europe. whilst box Marshal Erwin Rommel took command of the invasion entrance in past due 1943, he begun a application to reinforce fortifications alongside the Normandy coast as he believed that any Allied attack needed to be stopped at the invasion shorelines themselves. His most crucial contribution to the defenses was once an in depth software of improvised seashore obstructions to complicate any touchdown try. This publication analyses those fortifications and describes how the Allied forces overcame them at the morning of June 6, 1944.
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Extra info for D-Day Fortifications in Normandy (Fortress, Volume 37)
This was especially true of the batteries still deployed in open gun pits, which were particularly vulnerable to air and naval bombardment. In spite of the preliminary bombardments, some of the long-range guns in heavy casemates east of Utah Beach on the Contentin Peninsula began to ﬁre on Task Force U, the naval task force assigned to Utah Beach. 1261 with six French 155mm guns had been located in concrete emplacements near St. Vaast but, due to air attacks, had moved to open ground near Videcosville.
On the eve of D-Day, the state of the defenses on the ﬁve beaches varied considerably. Without a doubt, the most formidable defenses were on Omaha Beach in terms of the terrain, the number of strongpoints and the number and quality of German troops present in the immediate vicinity of the beach. Some idea of the differences can be determined from the accompanying chart. German troops run for cover as a US Army Air Force P-38 reconnaissance aircraft makes a low photographic pass over the Normandy beaches on May 6, 1944.
They included veterans who had been wounded seriously enough that they could not return to normal infantry divisions, and also troops suffering from the debilitating effects of frostbite suffered on the Eastern Front. There were some younger conscripts in these units, often with medical problems. To make matters worse, during 1943 the Normandy divisions were continually “combed out” for troops suitable for deployment to Russia. In their place, the divisions received Ost battalions made up of former Soviet prisoners of war.
D-Day Fortifications in Normandy (Fortress, Volume 37) by Steven J. Zaloga