New PDF release: Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs

By Gregor Betz

ISBN-10: 9400745982

ISBN-13: 9789400745988

ISBN-10: 9400745990

ISBN-13: 9789400745995

Is severe argumentation a good way to beat confrontation? And does the trade of arguments carry rivals in an argument in the direction of the reality? This learn offers a brand new standpoint on those pivotal questions. via multi-agent simulations, it investigates the reality and consensus-conduciveness of arguable debates. The publication brings jointly study in formal epistemology and argumentation idea. other than its effects for discursive perform, the paintings could have vital implications for philosophy of technology and how we construe clinical rationality as well.

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Extra resources for Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs

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Vertex shading is a function of the respective normalized closeness centrality. Central positions exhibit greater NCC than remote ones. In addition, average NCC on compact spaces is, compared to those on stretched, detached, and disconnected spaces, higher positions on a pool S is, in the absence of arguments, isomorphic to the ndimensional hypercube—each proponent position corresponding to exactly one of its vertices. Proposition 1 (NCC in a hypercube). Let H be the set of all positions given a pool of sentences S of size 2n.

Niiniluoto 1998; Oddie 2008). , through which methods) the verisimilitude of a belief set can be increased. Yet, results by Niiniluoto (2011) suggest that belief revision does not necessarily help agents to approach the truth. In general, these specific approaches, while being driven by a similar research interest than this study, remain committed to the assumption of logical omniscience. Researchers in artificial intelligence (AI), taking Reiter’s default logic as a starting point (Reiter 1980), have developed, in recent decades, a variety of approaches to modeling complex argumentation.

A position is coherent relative to some background knowledge B if and only if it is (1) dialectically coherent and (2) extends B. Evaluating a debate against some background knowledge hence merely implies to diminish the set of coherent positions one takes into account. It is helpful, in order to reduce the complexity of the following analysis, to assume that positions are declared on half of the sentences belonging to S, only. More specifically, a position shall assign a truth value to exactly one sentence each of every pair of contradictory sentences belonging to S.

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Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs by Gregor Betz

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