By Crosbie Smith, Jon Agar
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Extra info for Making Space for Science: Territorial Themes in the Shaping of Knowledge
36 Making Space for Science Florence, for example, the sun's light was projected through an aperture in the base ofBrunelleschi's cupola on to a meridian set in the floor. Having mentioned Commandino's edition of Ptolemy's Planisphere, dealing with the projection of celestial circles, we can note also that he later edited Ptolemy's Ana/emma, on the projection of the solar position, adding his own treatise on sundials. Left to the close of this review, though usually taken as the first and most prominent example of geometrical representation, there is linear perspective.
Its authority was an impressive practical record. There was by then a confidence, even stridency in the movement for reform - an expansive assertiveness in the practical geometrical enterprise. The programme remained one of reforming and annexing other areas of practice by refounding them on geometry, turning crafts into mathematical arts underpinned by mathematical sciences. The mathematical prospectus was characterized by assumptions of expansion, development, reform and intellectual colonization by the time the politics of Elizabethan England made this very worldly programme of learning attractive and credible.
Arguing that Foucauldian analyses may be more appropriate at the moment of planning or initial construction, Forgan urges that most sites are heterogeneous in character, 'never more so than in Victorian London'. We should therefore examine the particularity of each site, including the local or regional geography, the politics of location, and the perceptions of the users of these spaces. Not only are buildings rarely constructed exactly as planned, but also 'there is a multitude of intangible ways in which perceptions about particular places are modified, not only through use, but by the fabric of the building itself, its texture and durability, its decoration, the passage of time, as well as the varied careers and reputations of people associated with them'.
Making Space for Science: Territorial Themes in the Shaping of Knowledge by Crosbie Smith, Jon Agar